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Firs are a popular landscape tree, especially for the Pacific Northwest. They are dependable, adapt easily to most environments and offer year-round color and interest. Depending on the size and shape of the Fir, they may be used as accent trees, focal points, shade trees or screen trees. We grow and sell several different varieties of Fir trees. You can view our full selection by going to our online inventory. Below is a comparison of a few choice species that can be used in a wide variety of landscapes.

Abies balsamea (Balsam Fir)

Height: 50 feet

Width: 20 feet

This spire-like tree has dark green foliage that remains quite dark throughout the winter. They are soft to the touch and spread over fanning branches, giving this tree a romantic, delicate feel. Its smooth gray bark adds interest and dimension to the landscape. The pyramidal form makes it easy to blend this tree into many designs but it can be a focal point, if placed against a lighter background. It requires little maintenance and pruning so it’s an attractive AND easy-going tree!

Abies grandis (Grand Fir)

Height: 200-250 feet

Width: 20-30 feet

This Pacific Northwest native is a tall drink of water. It can tower over most other landscaping trees, though it blends right into your typical Northwest forest. It makes a great shade tree for a large park but is often too tall for most homes and small properties (though it does take a few decades to reach maturity). The Grand Fir has gorgeous medium green to yellow-green needles that lay flat, horizontally, along branches, exposing their two white-striped stomatas underneath. When you look up into the branches of this beautiful tree, those silvery white stripes glisten amongst the green.

Korean Fir

Abies koreana (Korean Fir)

Height: 25 feet

Width: 15 feet

The Korean Fir is slightly uncommon and therefore under-utilized by many landscapers. It is a truly attractive conifer, with white-banded needles with a pleasant bluish-green color throughout.  They even keep their striking color through the winter months! This tree is distinctive and polished, making it an easy choice for a central position. The Korean Fir is low-maintenance and poses no significant problems. Try it as a vertical accent in your next design!

Normann Fir

Abies nordmanniana (Nordmann Fir)

Height: 60 feet

Width: 25 feet

The Nordmann Fir is shaped like the perfect Christmas tree, upright, open and gorgeous. It thrives in moist, cool climates, making it an easy choice for the Northwest. Dark green needles frame its spreading branches and remain dark and lush through the winter. Another low-maintenance tree, it just needs moisture to be happy. Try it as a vertical accent or as part of a blended natural forested look. You won’t regret the choice!


What’s your favorite Fir tree? Have you used any of these varieties in your designs? Leave a comment below with your thoughts!